Management Category: National Park and Integrated Management Natural Area
Extent: Area of 1,895,750 ha (18,957 km2)
Location: Located in the northwestern region of the Department of La Paz, in the provinces of Franz Tamayo, Abel Iturralde and Larecaja. The municipalities involved are Apolo, San Buenaventura, Ixiamas, Pelechuco and Guanay. Bordered on the west by the Republic of Peru.
Biogeographic subregions, altitudinal range and weather: the Madidi corresponds to Puna subregions, Yungas Montane Wet Forest and Rainforest of Madeira. The weather varies from cold in the Andes, to warm in the northern lowlands. The altitudinal range between 200 (low area near Rurrenabaque) and 6,000 masl; physiographic environments: high mountain ranges in the Amazon basin Apolobamba to Heath River, a diversity gradient in mountainous regions and Subandino system.
Vegetation and flora: Due to the wide range of altitudes, Madidi Park presents an extraordinary diversity of ecoregions: areas nival and periglacial environments, Páramo Yungueño, Bosque Nublado de Ceja, Bosque Húmedo a Perhúmedo de Yungas, Bosque Pluvial Subandino, Bosque Seco Deciduo de San Juan del Asariamas (probably unique in the world and in excellent condition), Bosque muy Húmedo Pedemontano (one of the last well-preserved samples in Bolivia), basal Seasonal Rainforest, Sheets Palmares Flood and royal palm swamp. Estimated 5,000 to 6,000 species of higher plants in the Madidi Park, including: a new species to science the huaycha (Weinmannia microphylla), the yuraj huaycha (Miconia theaezans), the mountain pine (Podocarpus spp.), The bibosi (Ficus spp.), among others. It presents a wide variety of palms: Ceroxylon pityrophyllum (and very rare), the jatatas (Geonoma megalospatha, G. and G. lindeniana deversa), acai (Euterpe precatoria) and royal palm (Mauritia flexuosa).
Fauna: There are 733 species of fauna recorded, which are mammals, birds, reptiles and fish. Among mammals highlights the jucumari or spectacled bear, Andean cat or squirrel, or deer Brocket Andean puma, jaguar, tigrecillo, drover, londra, spider, manechi. Among birds crested eagle, tunqui, harpy, hummingbird endemic. Until now it has been identified 620 species of birds and it is estimated that there up to 1,100 species, extraordinary figure to represent 90% of the avifauna of Bolivia. The monkey "lucachi" a new species to science, hidden in the rain forests of Madidi National Park, is a golden-haired monkey, unknown to science until 2004, when it was discovered they held an auction to raise funds for conservation and finally naming him Callicebus = Golden Palace.
Local population: In the highlands (over 3,000 masl) are three communities in an area of difficult access, in total about 180 families of Quechua origin. In the intermediate mountain (3,000 to 600 meters) there are about 25 small communities north of Apolo and Northwest of Asariamas , towards the border with Peru, are 370 families. In the lowlands the population is very small, located in a few small communities and in some scattered settlements, communities are towards the Beni River (El Carmen, San Miguel, Quendeque and Bala) and north of San Jose de Chupiamonas on the Tuichi River are in total about 120 families. The population of the lowlands is essentially of Tacana origen, Esse, Eja and Mosetén. Urban centers near Madidi National Park are: Apolo (1,628 inhabitants), St. Bonaventure (1,670 inhabitants) and Rurrenabaque (4959 inhabitants) to the east, and in North Ixiamas (1,256 inhabitants).
Tourism: The Madidi National Park was declared by National Geographic as one of the most biodiverse areas on the planet and one of the 20 most tourist places worldwide. It has common boundaries with Peruvian protected areas as Bahuaja Sonene National Park and Tambopata Reserve, so it is part of important biological corridors proposed as the Vilcabamba - Amboró, binational initiative Peru - Bolivia and Amboró - Madidi, this finally nationwide. In relation to other protected areas in Bolivia and other international forest as Barro Colorado in Panama, La Selva in Costa Rica, Tambopata and Manu in Peru, Madidi Park Wildlife stands out because of its diversity of vertebrates, mainly birds and mammals . In this park there are many alternatives to the practice ecotourism, tourism ventures are most important: Chalalán, San Miguel del Bala, TES and Mapajo. The gateway to Madidi Park is the town of Rurrenabaque, which has an airport, Rurrenabaque also provides a great alternative to lodging and food services.
How to reach the Madidi Park: The entry points are by Apolo in the south and Rurrenabaque on east. Both locations are accessible by land via buses that leave daily from La Paz (the Villa Fatima) or Trinidad to Rurrenabaque. The TAM airline provides biweekly flights to Apolo and five times a week to Rurrenabaque, Amaszonas airline has up to 3 daily flights between La Paz and Rurrenabaque.
Source: SERNAP http://www.sernap.gob.bo